What Is Eczema And What Are Its Types

It is always advised to consult your allergy doctor if you get any inflammation on your skin which is not going away easily after few hours. It is because many times you are unaware of diseases like eczema and you end up with long time allergies on your skin.

For this, you should know what eczema is actually? It is basically the irritation or inflammation on your skin caused by some allergies. Research is going on in many allergy clinics to find the answer for why it is caused in some people but the reason is still under discovery phase. However, few causes for eczema could be the genetic issues, inheritance or maybe living in the polluted area and if you have any other allergic disease like asthma. But not to worry much as eczema usually can be controlled by taking few precautions and with the help of your allergy doctor of course. It is just that your immune system is working under more pressure than a normal person’s immune system.

What is eczema?

If you have eczema doesn’t mean that you are itching every time and your skin is all red. It is because few things can be allergic to your skin which may trigger eczema when your skin come in contact with them. You can observe those triggers of eczema and try to avoid them as much as possible to keep your skin rashes free. You would find proper charts in allergy clinics where some very common triggers are mentioned which might help you to be careful in future. For instance, some of the common triggers are pet hair or fluff, some fruits or vegetables juices like tomatoes or onions, textured clothing, different soaps or toiletries, cold or flu, skin products with different chemicals or skin bleaching, dust and many other similar things. Allergy doctors are always after getting your proper history so that your triggers can be highlighted and you can take necessary precautions easily.

Types of Eczema

There are many types of eczema when goes in detail but most of the types are generalized into five types:

  1. Atopic Dermatitis

It is the most common type of eczema which turns out to be chronic and inflammatory. It is usually found in kids and infants and goes away with time or gets milder in adulthood. In atopic eczema, your immune system does not respond properly to any allergy and cause it to irritate either inside or outside the body. Generally, allergy doctors call it an “atopic triad” referring to three problems in patients occurring simultaneously which are eczema, asthma and hay fever which is a very common case in this type of eczema.

  1. Seborrheic Dermatitis

This type of eczema generally attacks head scalp or other oily areas of your skin making them red, itchy and scaly patches. For instance; eye area, sides of nose, ears, eyebrows and chest are very likely to get affected by this type while you can also get a lot of never-ending dandruff allergy symptoms as well.

  1. Stasis Dermatitis

This happens due to poor blood circulation which generally happens in area of our lower legs and hence usually attacks that part of your body. It is because poor circulation results in fluid buildup and thus make very hard for oxygen to reach there due to high pressures and hence you end up having very bad itching in your legs. Swelled ankles in morning and discolored skin are early signs for this kind of eczema.

  1. Nummular Dermatitis

When oval shaped blisters forms on your skin mostly on legs and arms after some injury, insect bite or abrasion generally refers to this kind of eczema. The blisters have fluid inside them while hard on surface and cause very bad itching until they last. Usually doctors say it happens with the dry skin mostly or if you are living in a cold area.

  1. Dyshidrotic Dermatitis

It is also formation of blisters but very tiny in size and usually found on your palms, sides of your fingers or sole of your feet. The best thing you can do with this type is to visit your nearest allergy clinic Centreville VA to get an ointment for the quickest recovery as this one is the most itching and painful out of all types of eczema.