Important information one needs to know about early days of pregnancy

Parental care and pregnancy must go hand in hand for the smooth and comfortable completion of pregnancy and safe and less painful labor. Blood tests, physical examination, discussion about life style, providing metal support etc are some of the important aspects of parental care. Teenage who resort to early pregnancy abortion should consult their parents before deciding to go for abortion as it can create far reaching effects in the mental fabric of the teen undergoing this traumatic period in her life.

The first visit for early pregnancy abortion

As soon as you get a hint about the probable pregnancy, schedule the first prenatal appointment. During the first prenatal visit do not forget to evaluate your medical history and discuss about the probable risk factors with your physician.

Medical history

Your physician after examining your medical history might ask about the following matters:

  • About past pregnancies, gynaecological history and menstrual cycle
  • Medical history of the patient as well as her family members
  • Exposure to toxic substances
  • Details of prescription medication and over the counter medicines used by the patient
  • Life style of the candidate and her affinity towards alcohol, tobacco and caffeine etc
  • Whether travelled to areas where tuberculosis, malaria etc are common
  • Details like domestic abuse, previous abortions, drug abuse etc.

Due date

Due date does not mean the date on which you are expected to deliver your child. It is only the date on which the normal 40 weeks of pregnancy will be completed. Only a few women give birth to her child on the due date. But knowing of the due date is very much important as it helps to monitor the growth of the baby and the progress of the pregnancy. The due date is calculated by knowing the date on which the last period started. 7 days are added to that date and then three months are counted back. From this date if 40 weeks are added the due date will be obtained. Physical examination

Your doctor will examine matters like your blood pressure, body weight, height etc and will calculate your BMI. This is necessary for understanding whether you are able to achieve the recommended weight gain during pregnancy. Your health care provider may conduct a physical examination which will include pelvic examination, breast examination, screening examination of the heart, thyroid, lungs etc. A Pap test will be conducted to determine whether you have any cervical cancer.

Lab tests

Blood type: Blood type includes details like Rhesus(Rh), Rh status etc. if you are  Rh negative and baby’s father  Rh positive then special care will be needed for your pregnancy.

Measure haemoglobin: Haemoglobin is an iron-protein component found in the blood which controls the transfer of oxygen form lungs to all the parts of the body and the and the  retransfer carbon dioxide from the cells back to the lungs. Low level of haemoglobin is a sign of bloodlessness known as anemia.

Check immunity: Checking for immunity to chickenpox or rubella will be necessary if proof of vaccination or other documented evidence to prove it is not available.

Other infections: You will also have to undergo tests to prove your immunity   to infections like hepatitis B, gonorrhoea, syphilis, HIV etc. Your urine will be tested to find out whether there is any urinary tract, or urinary bladder infections.

Fetal abnormalities

Important information regarding your baby’s health can be obtained from prenatal tests. A number of prenatal tests will be advised by your physician including ultra sound test, blood tests, or screening to detect fetal genetic abnormalities, if any.

Life style problems

Your physician will instruct you about the importance of nutritious food and prenatal vitamins. He will also advise you about the need for exercises, dental care and how to engage in sexual intercourse during pregnancy. Your work environment will be evaluated by the physician and necessary medications needed during pregnancy will be prescribed by him.

Other first trimester visits

Your prenatal visits in a abortion clinic Washington will be scheduled for every four weeks during the first trimester. By the end of the first trimester it will be possible to hear the heart beats of the baby by using a stethoscope. Prenatal appointments are the best time to discuss your concerns with your health care provider.

What Is Eczema And What Are Its Types

It is always advised to consult your allergy doctor if you get any inflammation on your skin which is not going away easily after few hours. It is because many times you are unaware of diseases like eczema and you end up with long time allergies on your skin.

For this, you should know what eczema is actually? It is basically the irritation or inflammation on your skin caused by some allergies. Research is going on in many allergy clinics to find the answer for why it is caused in some people but the reason is still under discovery phase. However, few causes for eczema could be the genetic issues, inheritance or maybe living in the polluted area and if you have any other allergic disease like asthma. But not to worry much as eczema usually can be controlled by taking few precautions and with the help of your allergy doctor of course. It is just that your immune system is working under more pressure than a normal person’s immune system.

What is eczema?

If you have eczema doesn’t mean that you are itching every time and your skin is all red. It is because few things can be allergic to your skin which may trigger eczema when your skin come in contact with them. You can observe those triggers of eczema and try to avoid them as much as possible to keep your skin rashes free. You would find proper charts in allergy clinics where some very common triggers are mentioned which might help you to be careful in future. For instance, some of the common triggers are pet hair or fluff, some fruits or vegetables juices like tomatoes or onions, textured clothing, different soaps or toiletries, cold or flu, skin products with different chemicals or skin bleaching, dust and many other similar things. Allergy doctors are always after getting your proper history so that your triggers can be highlighted and you can take necessary precautions easily.

Types of Eczema

There are many types of eczema when goes in detail but most of the types are generalized into five types:

  1. Atopic Dermatitis

It is the most common type of eczema which turns out to be chronic and inflammatory. It is usually found in kids and infants and goes away with time or gets milder in adulthood. In atopic eczema, your immune system does not respond properly to any allergy and cause it to irritate either inside or outside the body. Generally, allergy doctors call it an “atopic triad” referring to three problems in patients occurring simultaneously which are eczema, asthma and hay fever which is a very common case in this type of eczema.

  1. Seborrheic Dermatitis

This type of eczema generally attacks head scalp or other oily areas of your skin making them red, itchy and scaly patches. For instance; eye area, sides of nose, ears, eyebrows and chest are very likely to get affected by this type while you can also get a lot of never-ending dandruff allergy symptoms as well.

  1. Stasis Dermatitis

This happens due to poor blood circulation which generally happens in area of our lower legs and hence usually attacks that part of your body. It is because poor circulation results in fluid buildup and thus make very hard for oxygen to reach there due to high pressures and hence you end up having very bad itching in your legs. Swelled ankles in morning and discolored skin are early signs for this kind of eczema.

  1. Nummular Dermatitis

When oval shaped blisters forms on your skin mostly on legs and arms after some injury, insect bite or abrasion generally refers to this kind of eczema. The blisters have fluid inside them while hard on surface and cause very bad itching until they last. Usually doctors say it happens with the dry skin mostly or if you are living in a cold area.

  1. Dyshidrotic Dermatitis

It is also formation of blisters but very tiny in size and usually found on your palms, sides of your fingers or sole of your feet. The best thing you can do with this type is to visit your nearest allergy clinic Centreville VA to get an ointment for the quickest recovery as this one is the most itching and painful out of all types of eczema.

9 Unbelievable Myths About Knee Pain

Think that you cannot lift, run or jump and your knee pain is preventing you from the activities you love to do. A Knee specialist can offer you his expert advice to come out of your difficulties.

What Is Knee Pain?

Knee pain is usually anterior that means it is at the front of the knee. However, you may feel the pain at the back, sides or along the joint line of the knee.

Myths That People Still Believe

  1. Cortisone is harmful for Knee

These are potent anti-inflammatory medicines. A knee doctor uses them either as pills or by shots to treat a variety of conditions. They can have an inordinate pain-killing effect on several knee conditions.

  1. Exercise Is Harmful

What exercise you can do depends upon your knee problem. If you feel pain, you should stop or slow down. You need to be careful while doing weight-bearing exercises such as running, step aerobics, sprinting, jumping, Zumba and body pump classes. Such exercises can put a strain on your knee joints.  Adopt non-weight bearing exercises such as swimming, cycling and cross training with the advice of a knee specialist.

  1. Complete Rest Until Pain Relieves

Taking complete rest is a common mistake that people commit. You can exercise your knee carefully. However, if you have a fresh injury and your knee has been sprained or swollen, then this is a different matter. In such situation, you should take rest about 48 to 72 hours and use a walking stick.

  1. Squatting Is Damaging

The chief job of the knee is to bend. Therefore, to keep on squatting is impeccably normal according to the knee doctors. You may wish to make squat relaxed. You can do a quarter leg squat where your knee curves a little. You can place a Swiss ball behind your back and can do a wall squat.

  1. All Meniscus Requires Operation

Knee arthroscopy have made meniscus surgery very common with great results.

  1. Knee Pain springs From the Knee

The pain that you feel in the knee can come from a prime knee source. The common reasons are a ligament tear, arthritis, tendonitis and meniscus injury. However,

  1. Running Is the Reason of Arthritis

A current review displays that there is no definite evidence of the development of arthritis due to running.  Studies reveal that runners have less pain than non-runners do. Even if both groups have the same amount of arthritis.

  1. Knee Replacement Is Not Helpful

Replacing a knee can prove a life changing surgery. It decreases pain and improves the function of knee. Several studies show that knee replacements have a great escalation in years of quality life. Like any other surgery, there are perils connected with knee replacement. Snags such as infection may have major consequences. However, these are comparatively uncommon. If knee arthritis is acutely restricting quality and the function of your life, you should consult with a joint replacement surgeon. He can help you to decide if a knee replacement is the right decision.

  1. Physical Therapy Is Useless

Physical therapy is a process that knee doctors Woodbridge, VA often recommend to restore the body back to health. It can make a noteworthy difference in lessening pain and increasing function. Therapy procedures like electric stimulation and ultrasound can relieve muscle pain. Exercises refurbish elasticity and muscle balance. Several researchers have confirmed that physical therapy is critical following anterior cruciate ligament rebuilding, and the patients results connected directly with their partaking in physical therapy.

Tips to Help You Choose a Good Hair Restoration‎ Clinic

When you are suffering from hair loss, and you want to undergo a transplantation procedure, it is important to know how to choose the best hair restoration clinic for you.

There are several essential factors you have to consider when looking for a clinic, and these include the following:

Does the Hair Transplantation Clinic Provide Consultation ?

It is just natural to experience hair loss at one point in your life, and this can happen for numerous reasons, thus affecting the kind of treatment required. Some people assume that hair loss will instantly mean getting a transplant, although this can be too early.

Looking for a clinic which provides a no obligation consultation prior to the treatment will help you know the exact cause of your hair loss to let you choose the most ideal treatment for you.

Does the Clinic Offer the Hair Transplant Treatment You Need?

Different types of treatment are available which can help with different stages and causes of hair loss. It is a must that you search for a clinic which can offer the best possible treatment for you.

You might assume that you need an FUE transplant when the truth is that your hair is just starting to recede. If this is the case, your best option is to use hair loss medications or even a scalp micro pigmentation or SMP treatment.

It is a must that you conduct the necessary research about a potential clinic to see the exact treatments they offer, and what choices will work best for you.

Does the Physician Have Enough Experience?

Among the most vital factors when looking for the right clinic for your transplant procedure is choosing one with good physicians and staff. It is important that you know as much information about the doctors as possible. The first will be if they really specialize in treatments for hair transplant and if they are registered.

Are there Before and After Pictures Offered?

A reliable transplant clinic must have a gallery of before and after pictures to highlight all the excellent work that the clinic handled in the past. Being able to check different photos of patients before and after the procedure will give you the chance to see how well a clinic achieves results, and how frequently they do it.

When searching for the right clinic for hair transplant near me, make sure you consider all these factors to ensure that you will get the results you need and deserve.

Easy tips to prevent reflux in new born babies

Bringing-up newborn babies is exhausting but most enjoyable event for every mother.  It will be overwhelming for the parents when the new born starts crying inexplicably with arched back with large quantity of regurgitation. Fortunately this phase does not last long.  There are some important facts which every breast feeding mother should be aware of regarding reflux. I am going to explain some of them in this article.

Newborns may show various symptoms

There can be substantial difference in the amount of reflux shown by babies. It can be mild in some babies and can be severe in some others. Some babies cry and scream while there are others who are termed as ‘happy spitters’. The general thinking is that the flap in the esophagus is not closed in some babies and the milk splashes into the throat of the baby. Some babies do not spit-up, rather they swallow the milk a second time. This is termed as silent reflux.  Reflux is sometimes termed as colic.

Reflux can cause damages to esophagus

It has been observed that in rare cases esophagus has been affected by reflux. This is causing much worry to the parents as they are afraid of permanent damages that can affect the future life of their babies.  Discus the matter with your physician and he will be able to guide you properly and remove your fear. He will advice whether a consultation with a gastroenterologist is necessary or not. Most babies recover from reflux as they grow up. However symptoms like continuous crying, refusal to eat sufficient food, poor increase in weight etc should be taken care of and brought to the notice of the physician.

Breast milk can reduce reflux

It has been found that the babies who are breast fed by their mothers show less tendency to reflux. This is because the mother’s milk contains special nutrients that coat the baby’s inner linings of the throat. This lessens the pain as the breast milk splashes to the throat.

Increase the number of times you breast feed

If you have enough time and convenience you can increase the number of breast feedings and reduce the amount of milk given on each occasion. Feed only from one side on one occasion and use the other side after two hours duration. Smaller feeding helps the meal to leave the stomach easily thereby eliminating the chance of reflux. Feeding the baby in an angled position is also helpful as the gravity does not allow the milk to re enter the esophagus tract.

Can allergy symptoms turn into a cold?

Often many people consider sniffles as contagious. In some cases, people assume that sniffles are caused by severe allergic reactions and they feel like getting urgent treatment form an allergist near me. But, in reality this is found to be a wrong assumption. They are not contagious at all. There is subtle difference between the symptoms shown by allergies and cold. Understanding these differences can equip you well in understanding the treatment procedure opted by an allergy doctor near me. It may also help in managing the difficult situation that may arise by misunderstanding the real disease and its causes.

What is cold?

Cold or common cold is a virus.  According to scientists there are more than 100 types of cold viruses. Depending upon the virus involved in a particular case of cold, its severity of symptoms may vary considerably. Now let us consider some of the basic characteristics of common cold.

  • Sore throat, coughs, runny nose, stuffy nose etc are the common symptoms shown by cold.
  • Cold is spread through air and through touching.
  • Itchy eyes, sneezing etc are some other less common symptoms
  • Body aches and fevers are usual in severe colds.
  • Recover yis faster and normally takes not more than 7-10 days.
  • If symptoms persist it would become an infection.
  • Allergic people are more prone to colds.
  • One can catch cold any time of the year. According NIAID an average healthy individual can catch cold two or three times a year.
  • Children may catch cold more than this because of their weaker system of immunity.

What is allergy?

According to an allergist near me, allergy is a medical condition caused in the human body by adverse reaction caused by body’s immune system considering simple substances as dangerous substances.  When body comes into contact with the allergens like dust, mold, pollen etc body shows severe reactions as a result of release of chemicals known as histamines.

Important facts about allergies

  • Symptoms like sneezing, coughing, sore throat, runny nose etc similar to the symptoms of cold are shown by allergy patients.
  • Rashes and itchy eyes are produced by allergy.
  • Seasonal allergies as well as year round allergies also exist.
  • Body pain and fever is common in allergy.
  • Pollen, dust, animal dander, dairy products, mold, etc are some common allergens.

Though the symptoms of cold and allergies are strikingly similar, they represent two separate health conditions.  Knowing them in detail by an allergy doctor Manassas VA can help him to differentiate between them and find out the real problem.  If any of these symptoms are not improving your doctor should be informed and special care and study has to be conducted to understand the cause and find a solution.

Basics of sleep apnea explained

Sleep apnea is a condition in which your sleep is disturbed due to various reasons like blockage etc.  This can happen mildly or severely depending on the repetitive nature of sleep disturbance. In such cases the patient’s lungs are not getting enough air and this may happen a few times an hour to more than fifty times an hour which necessitates urgent treatment at a sleep clinic near me.

All you need to know about sleep apnea

There are two type of sleep apnea. They are central sleep apnea and obstructive sleep apnea.  People who have succumbed to heart failure, stroke, or brain tumor are likely to have central sleep apnea. In this type of sleep apnea the patient stops breathing repeatedly during the sleep. Treatment for this type of sleep apnea involves treatment for existing conditions and to use a device to help in breathing or providing supplemental oxygen.

Obstructive sleep apnea is a serious disorder which causes stoppage of breathing during sleep.  In this type of sleep apnea the throat muscles intermittently relax resulting   in the blockage of the passage. Snoring is very noticeable in obstructive sleep apnea as per the study of  a sleep apnea doctor .

Different treatments are available for obstructive sleep apnea. In one treatment a device is used to keep the airway open during sleeping. Thrusting a mouthpiece is another option or treatment which helps the sleep to continue without any disturbance.  Surgery is also a common treatment option for obstructive sleep apnea.


Symptoms of sleep apnea

Common symptoms shown in obstructive sleep apnea are detailed below.

  • Excessive sleep during day time
  • Cessation of breathing during sleep
  • Loud snoring
  • Abrupt awakening followed by choking or gasping.
  • Morning headache
  • Unable to concentrate in day to day activities
  • Mood changes like depression irritability etc.
  • Blood pressure
  • Decreased libido
  • Night sweating.
  • Decreased libido

When to consult the sleep doctor

If continued sleep problems are experience consult a sleep apnea doctor md

  • Your snoring becomes a disturbance to others.
  • If you wake up with choking or gasping
  • Intermittent stoppage of breathing during sleeping
  • Daytime drowsiness that cause sleepy feeling during working or seeing television or driving the vehicle.

Most often people do not think snoring as a potential problem as many people who do not have sleep apnea snore. So if you experience loud snoring discuss the matter with a doctor in a sleep clinic near me and act as per his advice. Snoring with punctuated periods of silence can be considered as due to sleep problems. Sleep apnea snoring becomes loudest when sleeping on your back and it becomes lesser when you turn your side. Excessive day time sleepiness can be due to problems like narcolepsy also.